Origins of Shotokan: Master Gichin Funakoshi's Okinawan Shorin-ryu Karate Teachings

A Study of "Okinawan Shotokan Shorin-ryu Karate Kenpo to Kobujutsu"

Origins of Shotokan (First Edition, 2013) is a karate-research documentary on the topic of Master Gichin Funakoshi's old Okinawan karate lineage and teachings. It includes a short introduction, followed by a section illustrating junbi undo ([relevant] preparation exercises) with history narrated (script - which can be found and read for free on the Marshalls' Art-Productions web-page, - including some particular research notes, such as the evident fact that Master Sokon Matsumura must have been the expert who devised the pin'an kata, as opposed to the common view that Master Itosu created them originally, considering, for example, their perpetuation in Matsumura Seito karate, noted by Master Hohan Soken as being truly a pure Matsumura lineage), then, after a segment showing various hand-forms such as [the comparison between] the "standard fist" and the "Okinawan fist" (a type at least greatly used and transmitted by Master Itosu, if not originally created), a chapter for kata and hojo undo, again accompanied by relevant narration, including 15 unarmed kata, 10 armed kata, and a variety of traditional supplementary methods for conditioning the body, mind, and spirit (tai-shin-ki), while applications are described separately in the final chapter, illustrated in this edition in the fashion of "kumite-gata" / "bunkai-gata" ("application kata" - the formal exercises practised in an individual way, still, but altered in accordance with certain realistic applications, thereby enabling greater individual training for real-life scenarios when unable to pair with someone). The final section is presented for karate-kenpo and kobujutsu/kobudo. Kata shown are selected and not the complete list for the lineage (as well as being 'further' researched over the few years that have passed since this first edition was written and produced). Following Master Funakoshi's teachings, additional kata, even from other "styles", are included, though minimally in this production (and in the school), and based on research intents for the study of the Okinawan-style teachings of Master Funakoshi. Thus, this piece presents naihanchi (ichi, ni, and san), kusanku [dai], passai (dai and sho), sesan, chinto, wansu, jitte, mariti (chinte), [Matsumura] rohai, niseshi, [Uechi] sanseru, and [Matsumura] useshi (gojushi-ho), while the kobujutsu kata demonstrated are wansu no bo, passai [sho] no bo, jitte no sai, rohai no sai, niseshi no sai, pin'an no kama, sochin no kama, and additional bojutsu devised by the author, included in this work to further show that any karate lineage is just "karate" and that it must, as taught by Master Funakoshi, continue to evolve [correctly and applicably], and allow potential inclusion of kata/methods from elsewhere and not limit your own lineage to be necessarily the same as your colleague's (shuhari), hence [what were at the time called] Masharu no jo, Masharu no hanbo, and Masharu no isshakubo are introduced in this edition to attempt to make a point. Hojo undo include the makiwara (machiwara), nigiri game (niji'in gami), ishi, jari game, chi-tetsu (make-shift chi-tetsu), a brick wall, hardwood sticks, and other methods. The important elements of proper breathing and ki/qi/chii (kime/kiai) are also covered.

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